Well, I'm writing a story that takes place in a culture that is a near exact replica of 1400's Damascus. This is a problem, as I neither live in the 1400's or live in Arabia, so I am loaded with questions. I've seen a few people say that they speak Arabic, which is helpful.
*How would two Arabic people greet each other? (Casual and Formal, both from Teacher-Student and Student-Teacher)
*What are some basic foods they would eat?
*What are some basic drinks they would drink?
*By large were most families Patriarchal or Matriarchal?
*How was the family composed? (Today, the "idea" model is 2 parents and 2.3 children - what was the Arabian model?)
*Were large families encouraged?
*What was Arabia's relationship with other countries?
*Was it a superpower or non-power?
*Were there any common name trends?