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Thread: U.S.A. Culture and Language Help - II

  1. #21
    sorrow_of_severus
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    We've got steel plants and such; in fact, there's a large one in Buffalo
    Errr, not really. If we're talking about the same Buffalo, the Buffalo in New York state, it's called Bethlehem Steel and it closed decades ago. Buffalo's economy was never the same after the Great Depression, but it drastically hurt an city's economy that was already failing.

    I suppose Bethlehem Steel could potentially be reopened, but it's been abandoned and vandalized for years. It would take a lot of work to get it fixed up and up and running. Right now, the only thing going on at the Bethlehem Steel property is an expanding wind farm, currently at eight wind turbines with more slated to go in. These wind turbines take advantage of the strong winds coming off Lake Erie. Buffalo's actually a windier city than "The Windy City", Chicago.

  2. #22
    Halgy
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    Over the next ten years, I think (or rather hope) that the United States will become much more energy independent. With the recent pushes, I wouldn't be too surprised if we have enough wind/solar/hydroelectric energy to sustain ourselves (or rather to supplement the coal/oil we ourselves produce). By then, electric cars will be quite mainstream and thus the need for petroleum is much less needed. Still, it might be tight, but we'd get through it.

    As for food, we're fine. We export quite a lot of grain and such; the only stuff we import is fruits and such that can't be grown in the US. If pressed, we could grow enough of everything to keep everyone happy. However, one note: we can't grow coco beans in the US ('cept in Hawaii, I guess), so chocolate would be quite rare. Might be a good side note in your story.

    The president speaks lots of places, so you can really have him speak anywhere that the president could be (no press conferences on the moon). However, he most commonly he speaks from the White House or the rose garden, as others have said.

  3. #23
    Inverarity
    Guest
    Quote Originally Posted by Halgy
    Over the next ten years, I think (or rather hope) that the United States will become much more energy independent. With the recent pushes, I wouldn't be too surprised if we have enough wind/solar/hydroelectric energy to sustain ourselves (or rather to supplement the coal/oil we ourselves produce). By then, electric cars will be quite mainstream and thus the need for petroleum is much less needed.
    In ten years? Not a chance.

    As for food, we're fine. We export quite a lot of grain and such; the only stuff we import is fruits and such that can't be grown in the US. If pressed, we could grow enough of everything to keep everyone happy. However, one note: we can't grow coco beans in the US ('cept in Hawaii, I guess), so chocolate would be quite rare. Might be a good side note in your story.
    A lot of "luxury foods" would become rare. Yes, the U.S. could certainly feed itself, but the vast selection of produce, meat, coffee, etc., that Americans are used to seeing in every supermarket and convenience store would disappear.

  4. #24
    emck
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    So basically, I have no idea how schools, esp. junior schools, in America work. I need details.

    Firstly, what age must you be to start school? Is there a certain date that you have to turn that age by? (I.E. here, you have to turn six before the 31st of July to start grade one)

    Do you have a mandatory/volantary prep or preschool year?

    I also don't really get the whole 'middle school' thing. Explain, please.

    How old are you when you graduate?

    And finally, if someone was born in mid-September, 1991, what year would they be in now?

    I think that might be all, for now. Thanks!

  5. #25
    Inverarity
    Guest
    Quote Originally Posted by emck
    Firstly, what age must you be to start school? Is there a certain date that you have to turn that age by? (I.E. here, you have to turn six before the 31st of July to start grade one)
    Kindergarten is optional, but most kids start there, usually at age five or six. Age requirements vary somewhat by state and district; there is no universal rule.

    The following year, 1st grade (age 6-7), is when mandatory primary school education begins.

    Do you have a mandatory/volantary prep or preschool year?

    See above. Almost everyone goes to kindergarten, and it's usually free, but it's not mandatory.

    I also don't really get the whole 'middle school' thing. Explain, please.

    Middle school consists of the grades between elementary school and high school (also called "Jr. High School" in a few places, like California, but "middle school" is more common.)

    But it can be confusing, because exactly what grades constitute middle school also varies by state and by district.

    Grades 1-5 are always elementary school.
    Some middle schools start at grade 6, some at 7 or 8.
    High school usually starts at grades 9 or 10.

    So, depending on the division in your particular school district, it could look like any of the following:

    Elementary school: 1-6
    Middle school: 7-8
    High school: 9-12

    Elementary school: 1-6
    Middle school: 7-9
    High school: 10-12

    Elementary school: 1-5
    Middle school: 6-8
    High school: 9-12

    There are probably other permutations that exist.

    Usually elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools are on three separate campuses, but sometimes (in smaller districts) the middle school shares a campus with either elementary school (in which case the middle schoolers tend to bully the younger kids) or high school (in which case they tend to get bullied by the older kids).

    How old are you when you graduate?

    17 or 18. Which means yes, some high school students are legal adults and can write their own excuse notes for missing class.

    And finally, if someone was born in mid-September, 1991, what year would they be in now?

    Probably a senior (12th grade), but possibly a junior (11th grade).

  6. #26
    Wizengamot Ravenclaw
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    Do you have a mandatory/volantary prep or preschool year?
    Kindergarten is when mandatory schooling starts, but before that, there is what is call preschool or pre-k (usually for children who are three or four). This type of school is almost always private, sometimes run as small businesses or out of peoples own homes. Little kid here sing songs, learn to count to ten, color, and cut paper. It's not an especially strenuous time.

    I also don't really get the whole 'middle school' thing. Explain, please.
    Middle school is somewhat similar to secondary school. It's also called junior high.

    Basically, the idea of it is if you mix the twelve-year-olds in with the eighteen-year-olds, there won't be any twelve-year-old left by Christmas. So, they have they own smaller school that they go to until they're older and people won't feel as guilty when they are thrown to the wolves.

    My towns school system worked like this.
    Elementary School
    K-6

    Middle School
    7-8

    High School
    9-12

    But also, like Inverarity said, it depends on the district. A good plan may be to look up a few school websites to get a better idea.

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  7. #27
    A.H.
    Guest
    I also don't really get the whole 'middle school' thing. Explain, please.

    Twas explained pretty thoroughly above me, but in some states, the division gets even more complicated and weird. When I was in fourth grade, I went to an intermediate school. Which was grades four through six. So, in that town there was

    Preschool (Don't even remember the ages for this)
    Elementary 1-3
    Intermediate 4-6
    Middle/Jr. High 7-8
    High School 9-12

    But that's most likely one of only a very few towns that have an Intermediate School. It was done like that in the first place because the population rose, the Middle school got too many students, and the school wasn't big enough to house all the students coming in. So they made another one.

    /.2

    -Ari-

  8. #28
    thegirloverhere
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    I also don't really get the whole 'middle school' thing. Explain, please.

    In my area, a lot of schools start middle school in 5th grade, so the three schools are divided into four years.

    Ie:

    Elementary/Lower School - 1st grade through 4th grade

    Middle School - 5th through 8th

    High School - 9th through 12th

    That way makes the most sense to me, though I've seen it devided up pretty much every way. Though, a lot of private schools start high school in 8th grade, I've found, if it is ONLY a high school (there's no middle school attached) so that kids can get used to the curriculum and be prepared for the "real" beginning of high school in 9th grade.

    Also, before PreKindergarten and Kindergarter some places have "nursery school" for two year olds. All three of those years are voluntary.

  9. #29
    greennotebook
    Guest
    I'm going to try to avoid adding too much to the bewildering array of schooling options laid out ahead of my post, but I will say that private schools make things even more complicated. I went to a private pre-K through 8th grade school before going to a 9-12 high school. My boyfriend went to private school that took students from 6-12.

    I just wanted to explain that the reason you end up with so much differentiation is that educational law is mostly decided on a state level. Each of the fifty states gets to make its own decisions about regulations and whatnot. Most states also leave a lot of decisions to individual districts. We tend to really emphasize local government in the US....

  10. #30
    Fifth Year Hufflepuff
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    I also don't really get the whole 'middle school' thing. Explain, please.

    Most middle schools I've been to/know about either start in 6th or 7th grade and go through 8th. I went to two middle schools, only because we moved after 6th grade, but both of those middle schools were 6th-8th. Also, like Ari said, the city I live in now split the elementary schools as well into one school for K-2nd and another for 3rd-5th.

    Basically, it really depends on where you are in the US as to how the schools are broken up. Generally, though, I think its pretty much as it has been explained above. I would, like Molly said, look up certain districts and schools to get a better idea.

    Also, I wanted to clarify that Kindergarten is mandatory and starts around age five; pre-school, which is before Kindergarten, is not mandatory, though it is highly suggested.

    And finally, if someone was born in mid-September, 1991, what year would they be in now?
    If you're thinking mid September, I would guess a junior, though it is possible that they just made the cut to be a senior. I have a friend who was born on September 15th, though, and she's a senior.

    I guess I didn't add much to what you've already been told, but I wanted to add my two cents.

    [hugs]

    xox
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