For information on this, the Harry Potter Lexicon is a great site for reference.
There are no ingredients listed, so I'm assuming that you could use whatever ones you want, from Sopophorous Beans to some sort of ashes or something (being that the potion's effects have to do with heat, I recommend adding an ingredient that has to do with steam, heat, or fire... powdered dragon teeth, maybe?).
Originally Posted by Pepperup Potion
Some medical potions from the Lexicon's Encyclopedia of Potions. It's a great resource. These ones are just from 'A' to 'C':
Blood-Replenishing Potion potion - Medical magic: this potion makes up for lost blood.
Arthur had to take a Blood-Replenishing Potion every hour until the Healers could find an antidote for the venom of the snake that bit him. Something in that venom was keeping the wound open and he was bleeding whenever they would remove the bandages (OP22)
boil cure potion potion - Simple potion to cure boils. Taught to first-years in their first Potions class with Snape (PS8)
ingredients: dried nettles, crushed snake fangs, stewed horned slugs, porcupine quills (added after taking the cauldron off the fire)
If the porcupine quills are added before the cauldron is taken off the fire, the mixture produces clouds of acid green smoke and a loud hissing, melts the cauldron, and burns holes in people's shoes. This happened to Neville, who was splashed by it and sprouted angry red boils (PS8)
c.f. BULBADOX POWDER, FURNUNCULUS (used on Malfoy by Harry CH. 37 of GoF - doesn't play nice with the Jelly Legs jinx), WARTCAP POWDER
bruise-healing paste potion - a thick yellow paste used to heal bruises.
The twins gave some to Hermione to treat the bruises caused by their prototype punching telescope (HBP6)
bubotuber potion ingredient - plant - The pus of a bubotuber, properly processed, is useful in treating acne.
The pimple-curing properties of bubotuber pus were discovered by Sacharissa Tugwood (fw/68)
burn-healing paste potion - this is an orange paste is used to heal burns.
Used by Madam Pomfrey to tend to burns during the Triwizard Tournament (GF20)
Calming Draught potion - Calms emotional turmoil.
Madam Pomfrey gave this to Hannah Abbott after she burst out crying in Herbology and said she was too stupid to take exams and should leave the school (OP27)
cough potion potion - Medical magic: unknown, but presumably treats a cough.
Weasleys' Wizard Wheezes' Owl Order Service repackages some of their potions as cough potions to get them past security checks, such as Filch's blanket ban on their products at Hogwarts (HBP15)